A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was an Indian Famous Scientist and Politician. He assisted his country India as President from 2002 to 2007. Welcome to this tour of APJ Abdul Kalam Biography.
Who was APJ Abdul Kalam ?
Full name Abul Paki Zainul-Abedin Abdul Kalam (A P J Abdul Kalam). APJ Abdul Kalam born on October 15, 1931, in a simple family in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu. The story of his life has become an example in the heart of the world that will inspire anyone. The story of how the son of an ordinary middleman became the most outstanding scientist of India and then a successful president will inspire hope in everyone’s mind. It will help you believe that you will reap the rewards if you work honestly and selflessly. I tried to write this Biography of Abdul Kalam in a story instead of a traditional biography like others.
A P J Abdul Kalam Short Biodata
Name – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Full Name – Abul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Nick Name: Missile Man
Zodiac sign: Libra
Born: 15-Oct -1931
Place of Birth: Dhanushkodi, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Eye Color – Black
Hair Color – Grey
Height – 163 cm
Weight – 60 kg
Died – July 27, 2015, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Place of Death: Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Died at the age – 83
Death Cause – Cardiac Arrest (Stroke)
Occupation: Engineer, Scientist, Author, Professor, Politician
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Father’s Name – Ashiamma Jainulabdeen
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Monther’s Name – Ashiamma Jainulabdeen
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Brother’s Name – Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Mustafa Kamal, Kasim Mohammed
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Sister’s Name – Asim Zohra
APJ Abdul Kalam Early Life
At that time, Rameshwaram belonged to the Madras Presidency of British India. His father’s name was Zainul Abedin, and his mother’s name was Ashiamma. His elder sister Johra and brother-in-law Ahmad Jalaluddin also had a lot of influence in his life. Abdul Kalam had a hobby of flying in the sky from a very young age. When Kalam, a teenager growing up on the beach, saw birds flying in the sky, he wanted to fly in the open sky like them. And the funny thing is that the first person to fly in the sky from Rameshwaram was that young man.
APJ Abdul Kalam Family Life
His father took Hindu pilgrims from Rameshwaram to Dhanushkadi and again from Dhanushkadi to Rameshwaram. It was his father’s livelihood. Her mother, Ashiamma, was a housewife.
Abdul Kalam had three elder brothers and one sister in the family. His mother was Ashiamma, was a housewife. He was very close to his elder brothers. He used to send some money to his elder brother every month for the rest of his life.
APJ Abdul Kalam Education Life
He started his education at Swarz Matriculation School in Ramanathapuram. He completed his general education and obtained a degree in Physics from St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, under the Madras University.
As soon as he graduated from physics, he realized that physics was not suitable for him. The dream path that he has grown up with since he was a child cannot be found at the end of this subject. So he decided to enroll in the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1955. But at that time, he was not qualified to pay the MIT admission fee. Then his elder sister Johra sold her gold jewelry and gave admission money to Abdul Kalam.
While studying at MIT, Abdul Kalam often sat for hours on end next to an abandoned plane parked there in his spare time, reinforcing his dream of flying in the sky. Kalam was not very talented from a young age, but he was a hard worker. Once at MIT, Dean, who was unhappy with one of his projects, threatened to close the scholarship if he could not complete the project within the stipulated time. Hence, he completed the project within three days.
APJ Abdul Kalam Carrier
After finishing his education at MIT, His life opened up two avenues. One was an Indian Air Force job. The other was the Director of Technical Development and Production in the Indian Ministry of Defense. Both roads enabled him to fulfill his dream. And he sat down to apply at two at once. And at that time, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam called for an interview from two places. And the place of the discussion was 2000 km away on both sides of India. For the first time in his life, Abdul Kalam traveled by plane. And he was surprised to see his homeland from Akash.
Kalam received a license in the Aeronautical Engineering of the Institute of Technology Madras. Since 1958, he has been a member of the Organization for Investigation and Development of Defense (DRDO). In 1969, the Special Organization for the Investigation of India, under the direction of the SLV-III Project, the first satellite design and production in India, was launched. In 1982, DRDO renamed the program that produced a series of exit missiles, which aided the “Missile Man” episode. Entering these occasions meet Agni, the first ballistic missile of the Indian intermediate, which incorporates the aspects of SLV-III and is born in 1989.
While working at ISRO in 1962, he gained a lot of fame at home and abroad. At the time, he was taken to the US space agency, NASA, but refused to work there. He was also able to build India’s first nuclear missile with the famous Indian scientist Raja Ramanna.
In 1998, India was able to successfully test an atomic bomb for the second time under the leadership of Sir APJ Abdul Kalam. Due to this, he became the most famous and successful nuclear scientist in India at that time. Today, it is for him, but India has succeeded in building a nuclear weapon. His outstanding contribution will never be forgotten.
He returned with two interviews and was the ninth of 25 candidates in the Air Force. He was highly disappointed. He did not go to the Air Force. But a few days later, he got a call from the Ministry of Defense and joined there as a Senior Scientist Assistant. This is where the story of the rise of his life begins. Seeing his talent and dedication to his work, he was assigned to the Indian Space Research Program. From there, he was sent to America to receive training in rocket science. His hands significantly improved India’s rocket technology, and he was given the title of “Missileman,” “Indian Missile Man.” In 1998, India’s first successful nuclear test, Pokhran-2, was a success. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1981, the Padma Bhushan in 1990, and the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest honor in 1996.
He turned 60 on October 15, 1991, and was awaiting his retirement. The desire was to open a school for poor children, teach them there, and preserve in writing the experiences of one’s life that would be useful to people. He was doing the same.
President of India APJ Abdul Kalam
He won the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884, surpassing the 107,366 votes won by Lakshmi Sahgal. His term lasted from July 25, 2002, to July 25, 2007.
He was as President of India from 2002 to 2007, based on the views of the Bharatiya Janata Party and the two largest parties in Congress, India. APJ Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India.
He was never a politician, but he always thought of the country’s development by staying in politics. He felt that only the beautiful effect of the youth could take this country forward much earlier. He liked to spread knowledge among the people. He loved to pass on the lessons of his life to the younger generation.
APJ Abdul Kalam Death
He was invited to a speech at a college in Shillong, Meghalaya. While speaking at 8.30 am Indian time, Shortly after his speech, he sat down on the stage to talk. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was transferred to Bethany Hospital. At the age of 83, at 6.45 am on July 27, 2015, at Shillong he died due to cardiac arrest.
Some unknown information of APJ Abdul Kalam
From the age of eight, Kalam Sir would wake up at 4 in the morning and then take a bath and go to the local teacher to learn arithmetic. He took this bath so early in the morning that the teacher he was studying with would not teach a child who would come to him in the morning without taking a bath. Besides, that teacher used to teach free morning arithmetic to 5 children every year, including Kalam Sir.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s father was a boatman by profession, and he used to rent boats to the local fishermen. He has to start working from an early age to support a large family of parents and five siblings.
He was the Defense Adviser to the Indian Minister of Defense from 1992-1999. At that time, the Vajpayee government successfully tested the atomic bomb for the second time in Pokhran, India. India became known as the world’s largest nuclear bomb maker.
In 1972, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was appointed Director of the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization. The same Year, he was awarded a “doctorate” by Anna University. Later that year, a committee was formed under his leadership to develop indigenous missiles. He was appointed as President.
APJ Abdul Kalam was the third President of India to be awarded the Bharat Ratna before being appointed to the President in India. Sir Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hossain got this chance before APJ Abdul Kalam.
ApJ Abdul kalam awards and honors
APJ Abdul Kalam achieved Honorary Degrees
Distinguished Fellow – Institute of Directors, India, 1994
Honorary Fellow – National Academy of Medical Sciences, 1995
Honorary Doctorate of Science – University of Wolverhampton, UK, 2007
King Charles II Medal – UK, 2007
Honorary Doctor of Engineering – Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2008
International von Kármán Wings Award – California Institute of Technology, USA, 2009
Hoover Medal – American Society of Mechanical Engineers, USA, 2009
Doctor of Engineering – University of Waterloo, Canada, 2010
IEEE Honorary Membership – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, USA, 2011
Honorary Doctor of Laws – Simon Fraser University, Canada, 2012
Honorary Doctor of Science – University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 2014
APJ Abdul Kalam achieved Awards
1981: Padma Bhushan – Government of India
1990: Padma Vibhushan – Government of India
1997: Bharat Ratna – Government of India
1997: Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration – Government of India
1998: Veer Savarkar Award – Government of India
2000: SASTRA Ramanujan Prize – Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy, India
2013: Von Braun Award – National Space Society
A P J Abdul kalam 25 Books and Documentaries
1. India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium Published: 1998
2. Wings of Fire: An Autobiography Published:1999
3. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power within India Published: 2002
4. The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colours Published: 2004
5. Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life Published: 2005 / Co-author: Arun Tiwari
6. Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth Published: 2005
7. Inspiring Thoughts: Quotation Series Published: 2007
8. You Are Born To Blossom: Take My Journey Beyond Published: 2011 / Co-author: Arun Tiwari
9. Scientific India: A Twenty-First Century Guide to the World around Us Published: 2011 / Co-author: Y. S. Rajan
10. Failure to Success: Legendary Lives Published: 2011 Co-author: Arun Tiwari
11. Target 3 Billion Published: 2011 / Co-author: Srijan Pal Singh
12. You are Unique: Scale New Heights by Thoughts and Actions Published:2012 / Co-author: S. Poonam Kohli
13. Turning Points: A Journey through Challenges Published: 2012
14. Indomitable Spirit Published: 2013
15. Spirit of India Published: 2013
16. Thoughts for Change: We Can Do It Published: 2013 / Co-author: A. Sivathanu Pillai
17. My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions Published: 2013
18. Governance for Growth in India Published: 2014
19. Manifesto for Change Published: 2014 / Co-author: V. Ponraj
20. Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring Published: 2014
21. Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India Published: 2014
22. The Guiding Light: A Selection of Quotations from My Favourite Books Published : 2015
23. Reignited: Scientific Pathways to a Brighter Future Published : 2015 / Co-author: Srijan Pal Singh
24. The Family and the Nation Published : 2015 / Co-author: Acharya Mahapragya
25. Transcendence My Spiritual Experiences Published : 2015 / Co-author: Arun Tiwari
Wings of Fire – Autobiography of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam PDF Download Link
APJ Abdul Kalam 30 Inspiring Quotes
1. You have to dream before your dreams can come true.
2. A dream is not what you see while sleeping; it does not let you sleep.
3. You should not give up, and we should not allow the problem to defeat us.
4. If you want to shine like a sun, first burn like a sun.
5. I was willing to accept what I couldn’t change.
6. All of us do not have equal talent. But, all of us have an equal opportunity to develop our talents.
7. Man needs difficulties in life because they are necessary to enjoy success.
8. Don’t take a rest after your first victory because if you fail in the second, more lips are waiting to say that your first victory was just luck.
9. Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.
10. I am not handsome, but I can give my hand to someone who needs help… Because beauty is required in the heart, not in the face…
11. The best brains of the nation may be found on the last benches of the classroom.
12. Excellence happens not by accident. It is a process.
13. Winners are not those who never fail but those who never quit.
14. Two rules for a peaceful life: Depression in failure should never go to the heart, and ego in Success should never go to the brain.
15. Luxury and Lies have huge maintenance costs. But Truth and Simplicity are self-maintained without any cost.
16. Dream, dream, dream. Dreams transform into thoughts, and thoughts result in action.
17. To succeed in your mission, you must have single-minded devotion to your goal.
18. If you fail, never give up because Fail means “First Attempt In Learning.
19. Creativity is seeing the same thing but thinking differently.
20. Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough.
21. If you salute your duty, you no need to salute anybody, but you have to salute everybody if you pollute your task.
22. Never be a prisoner of your past. It was just a lesson, not a life sentence.
23. Empty pocket teaches you a million things in life, but a whole bag spoils you in a million ways.
24. Thinking should become your capital asset, no matter whatever ups and downs you come across in your life.
25. When our signature changes to autograph, this marks Success.
26. Small aim is a crime; have great aim.
27. Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it.
28. We should not give up, and we should not allow the problem to defeat us.
29. If we are not free, no one will respect us.
30. Poetry comes from the highest happiness or the most profound sorrow.
He spent his career in the service of the country. At that time, his family had a cupboard of innumerable books and the love of the country’s people. The government and the country’s people were his families; leaving them to marry and start a family did not become his. Seven days of national mourning were observed in India on his death. This great man who dedicated his entire life to the country passed away. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam wanted India will be recognized as a significant nuclear power in the world.
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